Calendar Schedule for EMA and ESM
The calendar schedule allows you schedule your ecological momentary assessment (EMA) and experience sampling method (ESM) surveys based on calendar dates.
When you have selected the calendar schedule, you will see the calendar layout as shown below.
Drag surveys from the left bar to the calendar date you are interested in scheduling them for.
In this case, dragging the "Survey" to the Thursday on November 18th, 2020 would schedule it to begin then.
Open/Close Survey: Edit the desired timing of the survey. In the example below, it is set to 12 A.M. - 11:59 P.M.
This will automatically send a mobile app notification to participants at 12 A.M. to inform participants that the "Survey" is available for them to take. The survey is available until 11:59 P.M., after which participants will not be able to take the survey.
Randomize notifications: The default setting is that mobile app notifications will always be sent out at the beginning of the time slot.
One may choose to randomize the notifications within a time slot. This option can be found in the "Options" tab.
Toggling the randomization option does three things:
- Randomizes the notification within the time slot
- Closes the survey from when the notification is sent (default is 5 minutes but can be adjusted; e.g., 20 minutes)
- Shows that the initial notification will be sent between 9:00am and 9:55am (or whatever closing time a researcher sets)
Reminder Notification: Toggling this option sends a reminder notification to the participant if they have not yet responded to the survey. You can customize response time. Repeating Surveys Across Days: One can create repeats of the "Survey" across days by also using the "Repeat Survey" toggle in the "Options" tab. One can decide the frequency of the repeat and also the date to repeat it until. Selecting the date will repeat the survey until the date is reached. This change will be reflected in the calendar. Repeating Surveys Across Times in a Day: One can also repeat the same survey across times in a day by dragging the survey to the date and setting the appropriate time slot.
Adding One-Time or Event-Based Surveys: Within a calendar schedule, researchers may also seek to schedule one-time surveys (e.g., a demographic survey) or an event-triggered or event-based survey (e.g., filling in a survey immediately after a participant talks with a friend).
To do this, one should drag the relevant survey to the date one wants to start the one-time or event-based survey.
Then, toggle "Make Survey Static" on the right panel.
This will bring up a modal and a researcher can then make the survey available for a specific period of time.
The default is that this survey will be only a "one-time" survey.
However, one can choose to allow "multiple submissions" if it is an event-based survey. For example, filling in a survey immediately after a participant talks with a friend over the project period.
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